The 1st July marks the beginning of the Battle of the Somme, one of the most deadly battles of the First World War. On this first day alone, the British Army suffered 60,000 casualties, including nearly 20,000 killed. This was the worst day in British military history.
The 36th (Ulster) Division was formed with units from the Ulster Volunteer Force, which had been raised in 1913 to fight against Home Rule in Ireland.
Newfoundland was a British Dominion at the time of the Great War and like many other countries of the British Empire an army of volunteers was raised for the war effort.
17,000 German soldiers are buried in the German Military Cemetery at Fricourt. Approximately 1000 of them died in 1914, 10,000 during the 1916 Battle of the Somme, and 6,000 during the German Spring Offensive in 1918 and following Allied counter-attack.
The village of Le Hamel was the theatre of the first successful example of a combined arms attacks in a battle planned and directed by Sir John Monash, the new commander of the Australian Corps. This 93 minute battle was used as a blue print for later battles of 1918.
Delville Wood is well known in South African military history and represents the national symbol for bravery and sacrifice as the 1st South African Infantry Brigade accomplished one of the finest feats of arms of the First World War here, in July 1916.
In commemoration of the Battle of Amiens and the subsequent Hundred Days Offensive, the UK Government in partnership with the Governments of Australia, Canada, France and the USA is holding a First World War Commemorative event in Amiens Cathedral on 8th August 2018.